NEW a complete guide to modern Harmony MMJ

Discussion in 'Education' started by MMJ2024, Nov 28, 2023.

  1. Magic Max

    Magic Max Platinum Record

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    I look forward to you besting Count Basie or even Count Dracula! I know I can count on you my dear boy. Welcome back. I thought we'd lost you.
     
  2. MMJ2017

    MMJ2017 Audiosexual

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    Not sure about besting basie
    Thanks
    Certainly a crazy last few years !
    Bananas
     
  3. MMJ2017

    MMJ2017 Audiosexual

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    I immediately wrote these lyrics after reading your comment.

    I will use them to write a new song

    Blessed life

    Never rest
    Blessed life
    He strives to be a better man
    For his future wife
    His life is not quite
    What it appears like
    On the surface
    Emerging into the depths
    To discover his purpose
    Blessed life
    Where Beauty is discovered
    And triumph is on the horizon
    Would you lie to yourself
    To avoid discomfort son?
    Authenticity
    Integrity
    This Blessed life
    Reveals
    That
    Dignity
    Respect
    Don't come free
    The sacrifice is steep
    To deliver
    Every ounce of effort
    Gritting your teeth
    In discomfort
    The world will beat you down
    And gratitude for the things you do
    Is never found
    How do you react ?
    This is the test
    Guess what
    Only
    Champion knows best
    No rest
    For the blessed life
    Never be deceived
    By the jaded
    Nihilism is only for the
    Heart of the faded
    You can bet every
    Dollar you own
    He pulls himself
    Up from the wretched shadows
    Wipes away his tears
    And his fear
    He is blessed
    This life is nothing
    But a test
    I
    Will
    Never
    Rest
     
  4. Thotu

    Thotu Ultrasonic

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    An old song will be alright..
     
  5. capitan crunch

    capitan crunch Producer

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    basie on tatum>
     
  6. Crinklebumps

    Crinklebumps Audiosexual

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    I'm fostering doubt.
     
  7. MMJ2024

    MMJ2024 Ultrasonic

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  8. MMJ2024

    MMJ2024 Ultrasonic

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  9. MMJ2017

    MMJ2017 Audiosexual

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    Words of wisdom...
     

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  10. MMJ2024

    MMJ2024 Ultrasonic

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    now back to the lessons.

    what is a Chord Symbol and how to actually use it?
    we will now look at how to unpack a chord symbol into all of it's playable options.

    going back to our trusty ole' C major key haha

    let's take the tonic function chord C6 (CEGA)

    a chord symbol is an abstraction a symbolic representation of the function.

    in this case C6 ( C Major 6TH) is a Parental form.

    C root
    E 3rd
    G 5th
    A 6th

    it combines the maj triad of the key CEG, and the minor triad of the key ACE

    and combines them into 1 form Cmaj6 (CEGA)

    it is dualistic because it is also an Aminor7 ACEG (C6 CEGA)
    this is why it is a parental form.
    *more on this later..

    let's unpack C6 CEGA
    step1 is the INVERSIONS
    CEGA
    EGAC
    GACE
    ACEG

    4 inversions PER octave

    step2 is to create voicings {grips}( ..make something playable from it)

    there are 3 different starter playable voicings for all 4 note (7th) chords
    the Drop 2 voicing
    the Drop 3 voicing
    the Drop 2&4 voicing

    a drop voicing is simple you count from the top down by the number and drop that note down an octave for each inversion of the chord symbol.

    C6 drop2 voicings.

    CEGA..drop2 is...GCEA (drop the 2nd highest note G down octave
    EGAC..drop2 is...AEGC (drop the 2nd highest note A down octave
    GACE..Drop2 is...CGAE (drop the 2nd highest note C down octave
    ACEG..drop2 is...EACG (drop the 2nd highest note E down octave

    now we have out complete set of information.

    C6 drop2 means four grips *voicings per octave covering the entire instrument in 4note voicings.
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now
    CGAE
    EACG
    GCEA
    AEGC
    *starting over next octave higher now

    so now, we understand fully what the symbol...
    { C6 drop2} means.
    the entire range of instrument covered in very specific playable voicings 4 of them per octave from low to high of the instrument.

    *Note the C6 drop2 can and is often spread across the range of multiple instruments also.
    so each note of the voicing can be played by a separate instrument for 4 voicings per octave for the entire range of all those instruments.

    that is Drop2
    drop3 for example is dropping the 3rd highest note from the top of each inversion giving 4 voicings per octave
    drop2&4 for example is dropping the 2nd and 4th highest notes form the top , each down by 1 octave to create 4 voicings per octave covering the entire 7 octave range.

    we are now beginning to see how to start of with a simple chord symbol and unpack what that symbol actually means and represents.

    once you memorize and become comfortable with the drop2,drop3,drop2&4
    you can then begin to mix and match parts of them to create more unique voicings that you enjoy.

    the #1 takeway being that a chord symbol represents that collection of notes hilighted on the entire instrument from low to high.
    those sets of notes in every combination is what a chord symbol actually means.
    * how to take the abstract chord symbol which represents A Function in the Key center


    we use the principle of "voice leading" with melodic contour
    in combination with the principle of "octave displacement" on weak beats at our own discretion.

    remember previously how i described how melodic gravity (energy in motion) works with functional harmony is that
    you take your chord symbol.. C6 CEGA in our case
    and melodically this means on strong beats of the measure you play "chord tones"

    this means for the entire function in combination with your chosen chord symbol.

    C6 is representing the tonic function, which means
    chord tones are Cmaj13#11
    C is root
    E is 3rd
    G is 5th
    B is 7th
    D is 9th
    F# is #11th
    A is 13th

    these 7 notes are what you play on strong beats 1&3 (chord tones)

    next, on weakbeats 2&4 of a measure you play those 7 notes as well as the remaining 5 notes *all 12 notes*

    but, in a very specific way where the weak beat's all 12 notes create embellishment that pulls with gravity towards landing on the strong beat chord tones as an accent. ( energy in motion)

    example.

    key is C major

    chosen chord is C6 to represent the tonic function

    strong beats 1& 3 have the notes CDEF#GABC (chord tones)
    weak beats 2&4 have the notes C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C

    lastly, the thing you actually do WITH these notes is create melodic contour through voice leading with octave displacment to create energy in motion or ( melodic gravity ) IE "good melodies"

    we pay attention to melodic contour and rhythmic contour while construcing these melodies from the chord symbol using strong beats as gravity and weak beats as embellishment.

    here is simple example.

    key of Cmaj
    tonic function chord selected
    C6

    functional blueprint is simple, it is just
    (tonic)/(tonic)/(tonic)/(tonic)
    C6.........C6.......C6......C6....

    *we looking at simplest example first

    now, here is the first melody example.

    step 1 mark our chord tone accents on the strong beats (C6)

    1...2...3...4...1...2...3...4...1...2...3...4....
    .....................G.......C.......E...................

    step 2 fill in our weak beats to create embellishment by melodic gravity emphasizing the landing last note which rings for 1 bar

    1...2...3...4...1...2...3...4...1...2...3...4....
    ................G#.G...B...C...F...E...................

    create and listen to this melody yourself with a stabbing
    C6 drop2 voicing and C bass instrument as accompaniment while the last note of this melody rings for 1 bar.

    we just created our first melodic contour! and now you are own your way to building a musical vocabulary :)
     
    Last edited: Nov 29, 2023
  11. MMJ2024

    MMJ2024 Ultrasonic

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    we have covered quite a lot of information now.
    now let's look at how a song section or chord progression is built!

    let's setup our specific context.
    Key of Cmaj/A rel min

    we have our three different functions as the deepest level of meaning everything will represent.
    Tonic hero
    Subdominant adventure
    Dominant villain

    next, we have our 3 possible
    Functional blueprints.


    our first Functional blueprint is....
    1. (Tonic)/(Subdominant)/(Tonic)
    the hero's journey .
    we begin with tonic establishing the hero of the story
    next we move toward subdominant which is adventure.
    lastly we end on tonic the hero is victorious and returns home transformed from an adventure.

    our 2nd Functional blueprint is...
    2.(Tonic)/(Dominant)/(Tonic)
    we begin with tonic establishing the hero of the story
    next we move toward the dominant function entering the villain of the story in battle.
    lastly we move to tonic function, our hero was victorious in battle against the villain.

    our 3rd Functional blueprint is...
    3.(Subdominant)/(Dominant)/(Tonic)
    the epic battle!
    we begin with subdominant function starting us off directly on an adventure!
    next we move to dominant function the villain enters we move to tonic function , our hero was victorious
    in battle with the villain!

    * note!

    these functional blueprints can be modified by duplicating the function on each end in order to make the progression an even 4/4
    for example.

    let's take our 1st blueprint the heros journey.
    (tonic)/(sundominant)(tonic)
    we will transform it into

    (tonic)(tonic)(subdom)(tonic)
    this gives us a chord per measure now and also
    changes the emotional impact slightly...

    we start with tonic establishing the hero of the story.
    we stay at tonic for bar 2 establishing the hero's home.
    we move to subdominant function going on adventure.
    we end on tonic function which eastablishes a sucessfull adventure.

    next, let's modify the 1st functional blueprint again but differently duplicating the function at the end instead.
    (tonic)(subdom)(tonic)(tonic)

    we start with tonic function establishing the hero of story.
    we move to subdominant function establishing adventure,
    we move to tonic function establishing victory
    we stay on tonic function for 4th bar establishing the hero's home.


    modifying the 2nd functional blueprint is quite similar in that we are duplicating
    the tonic functions on each end that accomplish the same thing as above emotionally.
    2. the hero defeats the villain
    (tonic)(dominant)(tonic)

    becomes
    (tonic)(tonic)(domiant)(tonic)

    or
    (tonic)(dominant)(tonic)(tonic)

    they are slightly different to the meotional story as described above

    let's now look at the 3rd functional blueprint
    3. the epic battle! *aka Cadence
    (subdominant)(dominant)(tonic)

    we get these options

    (subdom)(subdom)(dominant)(tonic)
    making the adventure longer before encountering the villain and ending in victory

    or

    (subdom)(dominant)(tonic)(tonic)
    creating the emotional story that the hero was sucessful after going on a journey , encountering then defeating the villain, then finally returing home at the end.


    these 3 functional blueprints ( with their modifications)
    are the building blocks at every scale of detail.

    what this means is that these 3 functional blueprints
    include all "Tonicizations" , and "modulations"

    let's look at "tonicization" first.
    this is when you further emphasis a function by giving
    appying the 3 functional blueprints to a particular function itself in a fractal like manner.

    let's see a simple example...

    key of C major

    we begin with the 1st functional blueprint
    "heros journey"

    (Tonic)/(Subdominant)/(Tonic)
    .Cmaj7....Fmaj7..........Cmaj7...


    step 2 we apply "tonicization" to just the Fmaj7 (subdominant function)
    by appying the 3rd functional blueprint the epic battle

    let's begin by plucking out the Fmaj7 by itself

    (Tonic)
    Fmaj7

    next, we apply the 3rd functional blueprint
    (Subdominant)(Dominant)(Tonic)
    Gmin7.............C7..........Fmaj7..


    next, we insert this in place of the original Fmaj7 (subdominant)

    Key of Cmajor
    (Tonic)/(Subdominant)/(Tonic)
    ..Cmaj7....Fmaj7..........CMaj7

    becomes
    Key of Cmajor
    (Cmaj7)/{(Gmin7)/(C7)/(Fmaj7)}/(Cmaj7)

    .............^---Tonicization-----^.............

    by giving the Subdominant function it's own functional blueprint (the 3rd one)
    we create further energy in motion adding exclamation point on the subdominant function
    so that when we move from Fmaj7/ CMaj7 .. that landing on CMaj7 is even more pronounced than before!

    this is called tonicization.

    now, notice how this has expanded our chord progression .. but .. we only have 5 bars?

    we can further develop it with the principles from earlier.

    (Cmaj7)/{(Gmin7)/(C7)/(Fmaj7)}/(Cmaj7)
    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    we can place a tonic at the start....

    .........(Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    (Tonic)/(Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    or instead we can place the tonic function at the end....

    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............
    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    now, we can see we have 6 bars and a developing chord progression turning into a song section!

    Next let's go back to our original progression once more.
    ****rewinding ...blip bloop beep bepp zip!***

    let's see a simple example...

    key of C major

    we begin with the 1st functional blueprint
    "heros journey"

    (Tonic)/(Subdominant)/(Tonic)
    .Cmaj7....Fmaj7..........Cmaj7...

    *stop here*

    we had plugged in those particular chord symbols to represent those functions

    now, let's plug in different specific chord symbols and use tonicization a 2nd time.

    Key of C major

    we begin with the 1st functional blueprint
    "heros journey"

    (Tonic)/(Subdominant)/(Tonic)
    Amin7......Dmin7.........Amin7

    next..

    apply tonicization to the subdominant function.
    * note.. this time because Dmin7 is our Subdominant function chord ..
    we pluck out our (subdominant) Dmin7

    now we apply the 3rd functional blueprint to Dmin7 to create the tonicization.

    (Subdom)/(Dominant)/(Tonic)
    Emin7b5/.....A7b9..../Dmin6

    next we insert this where our subdominnat function was

    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............

    Amin7/Emin7b5/A7b9/Dmin6/Amin7

    now we have our tonicization further emphasising the Subdominant function which adds and exclamation point
    to our tonic function landing Amin7 at the end!

    as before we can add a tonic function to each end to make an even 6 bars..

    we can place a tonic at the start....

    .........(Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    (Tonic)/(Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............

    or instead we can place the tonic function at the end....

    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............
    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^...............


    let's look closer at dong this now...

    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............

    Amin7/Emin7b5/A7b9/Dmin6/Amin7


    becomes...

    (Tonic)(Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)
    ...................^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............

    C6/Amin7/Emin7b5/A7b9/Dmin6/Amin7

    or

    (Tonic)/{(subdom)/(dom)/(tonic)}/(Tonic)(Tonic)
    ............^..^SUBDOMINANT^..^.............

    Amin7/Emin7b5/A7b9/Dmin6/Amin7/C6





    we are learning that the harmony information is Fractal in nature.
    the relationships work the same at all scales of detail whether zoomed in or zoomed out.

    the KEY of Cmaj/ Amin
    has the relationships described above in the very first part of the lesson.

    then , all those relationships which applied to the key
    apply to the individual functions (tonicizations)
     
    Last edited: Nov 29, 2023
  12. jhagen

    jhagen Platinum Record

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    sorry to say but this is a completely wrong approach to music mr MMJ, I feel you have to discover why by yourself, it could take seconds, days or even years.
     
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  13. MMJ2024

    MMJ2024 Ultrasonic

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    lol haha
    thanks for sharing !
    * I absolutely adore Sketch comedy! :D

    my response to you are the 1st draft lyrics i spent 43 seconds to write earlier while multitasking cooking breakfast.

    I will use them to write a new song

    Blessed life

    Never rest
    Blessed life
    He strives to be a better man
    For his future wife
    His life is not quite
    What it appears like
    On the surface
    Emerging into the depths
    To discover his purpose
    Blessed life
    Where Beauty is discovered
    And triumph is on the horizon
    Would you lie to yourself
    To avoid discomfort son?
    Authenticity
    Integrity
    This Blessed life
    Reveals
    That
    Dignity
    Respect
    Don't come free
    The sacrifice is steep
    To deliver
    Every ounce of effort
    Gritting your teeth
    In discomfort
    The world will beat you down
    And gratitude for the things you do
    Is never found
    How do you react ?
    This is the test
    Guess what
    Only
    Champion knows best
    No rest
    For the blessed life
    Never be deceived
    By the jaded
    Nihilism is only for the
    Heart of the faded
    You can bet every
    Dollar you own
    He pulls himself
    Up from the wretched shadows
    Wipes away his tears
    And his fear
    He is blessed
    This life is nothing
    But a test
    I
    Will
    Never
    Rest
     
    Last edited: Nov 29, 2023
  14. capitan crunch

    capitan crunch Producer

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    I find this very interesting and useful.. I used the Cmaj this and composed a trck with tonic subdominant and dominant in just a few hours it may be shit but it was a great exercise and different from my usual ways.
    here's the link... no shame it's just a practice. let me know what you think...
     
  15. MMJ2017

    MMJ2017 Audiosexual

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    Hell yeah

    Sounds cool !

    Being able to see and understand every possibility is musical fluency.
     
  16. blasterx

    blasterx Kapellmeister

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    PDF file please
     
  17. MMJ2017

    MMJ2017 Audiosexual

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    Once it is all complete I'll see of i can do that.
    It is important to me to have interaction though where people can ask questions to get clarification because this information certainly is highly compressed and needs to be unpacked to understand the details and how all the relationships fit together.
    When everything is complete I will try and see if it is possible to fit in that type format because there are going to be examples audio and video companion information. This set of information isn't meant to be on a shelf in a library or on a laptop .
    It has to be memorized and practiced to use it.
    The only meaning and purpose of this is to help people pragmatically.
    ( by learning and using the entire set of possibilities with functional harmony)
    Thank you for your reply.
     
  18. DEGRAD

    DEGRAD Ultrasonic

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    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_of_the_dissonance

    PS_1:
    After the emancipation of dissonance, personal harmonies emerged and everything became possible in music. In personal harmony, the only criterion of judgment is each person's ears.

    PS_2
    Is dissonance able to be emancipated in reality or it was just an unproven allegation?:dunno:
     
    Last edited: Nov 30, 2023
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  19. Karliban

    Karliban Member

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    Yeah, too much compressed info here without clear explanation/s. Too many questions to ask and too lazy to post them all. This isn't really a way to do this sort of thing. Nevertheless, cheers to MMJ2017 for attempting to do it anyway.
     
  20. DEGRAD

    DEGRAD Ultrasonic

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    Even if you hear the clear and complete explanations, in the end it is your decision to be convinced and believe them or not to be convinced. Because music topics are very fluid and individual interpretations are very effective in accepting or rejecting them.
     
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